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LZ/LZ64 Manual

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Contents

Introduction

Part 1: Using the Organiser

1 The battery
   Fitting the battery
   Replacing the battery
2 Getting started
   Switching on
   Setting the time
3 Saving data
   Getting used to the keyboard
   Saving a record
4 Finding and changing records
   Finding a record
   Changing, copying and deleting a record
5 Alarms
   Setting an alarm
6 Month - the calendar
7 The diary
   Entering an appointment
   The diary menu options
8 The calculator
   Doing a calculation
   Using a result again
   Editing a calculation
   Calculator memories
9 The notepads
   Using the main notepad
   The notepad menu options
   Using more than one notepad
10 World dialling codes and times
   Resetting the home location
   Finding out codes and times
11 Time
   Putting the clock forward or back one hour
   Stopwatch
   Timer

Part 2: Further Information

12 Files
   Selecting a file
13 Storage devices
   Devices A: B: and C:
   Datapaks, Rampaks and internal memory
14 Xfiles: extra data files
   The MAIN data file
   Xfiles
   The current file
   1 Find
   2 Save
   3 New
   4 Print
   5 Open
   6 Sort
   7 Dir
   8 Copy
   9 Delete
15 Utils: general utilities
   1 Search
   2 Info
   3 Sound
   4 Dir
   5 Copy
   6 Delete
   7 Password protection
   8 Lang
   9 Reset
   10 Format
16 Customising the main menu
   Deleting main menu items
   Restoring main menu items
   Adding a data file notepad or OPL procedure name
17 Printing
   Printing from the Organiser
18 Troubleshooting

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Introduction

The Psion Organiser II Models LZ and LZ64 come with a powerful set of utilities including:

The Organiser also has its own built-in programming language called OPL. The language is designed to exploit all the machine's facilities to the full and to let you tailor the Organiser to your own specific needs.

The Organiser has an internal memory and two external devices which are the equivalent of disc drives on a desk-top computer. Each one can hold a Datapak for you to store information on, or a program pack containing a program such as the Pocket Spreadsheet.

The internal memory of the Model LZ holds around 32000 characters and that of the LZ64 around 64000 characters. In addition, one or more Datapaks can boost the storage capacity considerably - by up to 128000 characters per Datapak.

Peripherals and packs
Organiser peripherals allow you to print out information stored in your Organiser, connect it to another computer, send information over a telephone line, and much more. The range available includes:

Peripherals:
Printer
Mains adaptor
Comms Link - to link to a desk-top computer, modem or another printer
Organiser Developer - to debug OPL programs on a desk-top computer
Bar-code reader and card-swipe reader
Formatter - to clear and reformat Datapaks
Pager

Program packs:
Pocket Spreadsheet. (Lotus 1-2-3 compatible)
Oxford English Spelling Checker
Finance Pack
Maths Pack
Formulator

Storage packs:
Datapaks - EPROM 8,16.32,64 and 128K
Rampaks - RAM 32K

The range is constantly expanding, so contact PSION or your local distributor for a full list of available products.

Where things are
This is a rear view of the Organiser with the protective case removed. Devices B: and C:, which are protected by sliding covers, can each be fitted with a Datapak, a Rampak or a program pack.
[image]

This is a top view of the Organiser showing the top port which can be fitted with peripherals such as the Psion printer or the Comms Link.
[image]

Manual
The manual is divided into two parts:

The Organiser Programming Language (OPL) is covered in the Programming Manual which also contains more technical information.

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PART 1: USING THE ORGANISER

1 The battery

The data in the internal memory of the Organiser relies on the presence of the battery. It is therefore very important that you know how to fit the battery and what to do when it runs low. It is advisable to have a replacement battery ready for when this happens.

Fitting the battery

The Organiser uses one 9 volt PP3 size battery. We recommend alkaline batteries as the use of any other kind may result in a loss of data. To fit the battery:

The Organiser is ready for use.

Replacing the battery

If you are a heavy user, you can expect to change the battery about every 3 months. This message warns you when the battery is low:
  BATTERY TOO LOW   


 

The message is displayed for 4 seconds and then the machine switches itself off. You should replace the battery with a new one as soon as possible.

While you are replacing the battery, the Organiser must be off. Be careful not to press ON/CLEAR while the battery is removed. To replace the battery:

You can use the Psion Mains Adaptor to power your machine while you change batteries.

Data on Datapaks and Rampaks does not rely on the battery.

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2 Getting started

This covers how to switch on, choose an option from a menu, set the home location and time, and switch off again. There is a summary at the end.

Switching on

To switch the Organiser on:

If you can't see anything on the screen, adjust the contrast wheel on the side of the case. You may need to do this again - for example if you switch between using the Organiser flat on a desk and in your hand.

The first time you switch on you are shown a copyright message and then asked to choose a language:
  SELECT LANGUAGE
....................
English   Francais
Deutsch

This is a menu. In this case, the options on it are different languages and you select the language you want to work in. Notice that the first character of the first word is covered by a flashing block, the cursor:
  SELECT LANGUAGE
....................
English   Francais
Deutsch

The next page explains how to move the cursor around a menu and make selections.

Moving around a menu

To move the cursor around a menu use the arrow keys:

Selecting from a menu

To select an option from a menu you can do one of two things:

When you have selected the language you want, the main menu is displayed. From this menu you can get to all the main Organiser functions. It looks like this:
               0:00a
Find   Save   Diary
Calc   Time   Notes
World  Alarm  Month

Notice the Organiser symbol in the right-hand corner of the top line of the main menu.

The main menu

You can already see nine of the options available on the Organiser main menu. There are four more options available off the screen like this:
               0:00a
Find   Save   Diary
Calc   Time   Notes
World  Alarm  Month
Prog   Xfiles Utils
Off

Find and Save access the main database file where you store information.
Diary selects the diary.
Calc selects the calculator.
Time selects the clock, stopwatch and timer.
Notes selects the notepad.
World provides the dialling codes to all major cities and the time there.
Alarm selects the alarm setting function.
Month selects the month-at-a-view calendar.
Prog takes you to OPL, the programming language.
Xfiles allows you to create and use extra database files and sort these and your main one into alphabetic order.
Utils provides a range of utilities including information on storage space and password protection.
Off switches the Organiser off.

Many of these utilities, such as the diary and world times, depend on the internal clock. So you should set this straight away.

Setting the time

To select the Time option:

You have now entered the Time option, which shows the date, time, and home location like this:
Sun  1 Jan 1989 Wk52
     0:07:25 am
       London
   United Kingdom

To set the clock you need to display the Time menu.

Sun  1 Jan 1989 Wk52
     0:07:25 am
....................
Stopwatch Timer Set>



 Daylight-saving

Daylight saving

If you want the times in different cities in the World option to be accurate relative to G.M.T., you must specify if daylight saving is in operation in your country. For example, in Britain from March to October the clocks go forward an hour. So, if you are in Britain and it is summer:

1:07:25 am (D)

To set the clock to the current time and date:

When two menu options, here Stopwatch and Set, start with the same letter, pressing the letter key just moves between them and you press EXE to select one.

Note that the day of the week and week number change automatically as you change the date. The day may not be correct if you're not yet in the right month or year. So, to change the month, year and time:

To set the clock going:

Now the screen clock will show the correct time. If you need to reset it you can select Time again. There is more about the clock in Chapter 11.

Note: Midnight is shown in 12 hour mode as 0:00a and in 24 hour mode as 00:00.

Returning to the main menu

Switching off

You can only switch off the Organiser on the main menu. So, if you are not there, press ON/CLEAR once or twice to get there.

Just press ON/CLEAR to switch on again.

Automatic switch-off

If you leave the Organiser on for five minutes without pressing any keys, it will switch itself off to conserve battery power. Just press ON/CLEAR once and the Organiser will come on again at the exact place it was when it went off. All your data is intact and you can carry on where you left off.

Summary

Switching on

Selecting an option from a menu

If there is more than one option with the same first letter, e.g. Stopwatch and Set, press the letter, here S, to move between the options and press EXE on the one you want.

Setting the time

Switching off

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3 Saving data

The Organiser comes with a database for storing all manner of Information. This chapter shows you how to save a record in the main data file. It also introduces you to the keyboard.

What to a record?

A record is a any piece of information you store in the Organiser, such as a name and phone number, or an account name and number.

Choosing the Save option

To save a name, address, and phone number:

               9:30a
Save on A:
>_
 

You could now start to type in a record like this one:
S HOLMES
01 006 7171
221B BAKER ST
LONDON W1

But as you're doing so, look through the keyboard section on the next page and take time to experiment and get the feel of the keys.

Getting used to the keyboard

Practice using all the keys:

Letters
The letter keys normally produce capital (uppercase) letters on the screen.

Numbers

When typing letters the cursor is a flashing block.
When typing numbers the cursor is a line.

Delete

New line

Join lines

Insert line

Looking at all the lines

Scrolling

 
 
<--LLANFA
 
               9:30a
Save on A:
IRPWLLGWYNGYLLGOGER_
 

Saving a record

When you are satisfied with what you have entered:

You return to the main menu. You can find the record you saved at any time with the Find option.

Abandoning the record

If you wish to abandon a half-finished record, and not save it:

Saving the record on a Datapak

If you have fitted a Datapak to your Organiser, you can save the record there.

The internal memory is device A:. If you have any Datapaks fitted, they are devices B: and C: Normally, device A: is current so the screen looks like this:
               9:30a
Save on A:
>S HOLMES
01 006 7171

If you press MODE, and you have fitted a Datapak to the upper slot. the second line of the screen changes to:
Save on B:

Or, if you have fitted the Datapak to the lower slot:
Save on C:

If you have no packs, pressing MODE has no effect.

Size of records

Each record may be up to 16 lines long and each whole record may contain up to 254 characters. Each line may contain any number of characters.

Faster saving

If you want to save a lot of records at once you may find it better to use Save in Xfiles. See Chapter 14.

Summary

Saving a record

The EXE, ON/CLEAR and MODE keys

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4 Finding and changing records

This chapter shows you how to find a record which you have saved, then how to change it, copy it or delete it.

Finding a record

The Find prompt is displayed:
               9:30a
Find in A:
>_
 

To find a record you just type in a search-clue, consisting of a few of the characters in the record. For example, if you saved Holmes' address:

The screen then shows the record like this:
S HOLMES
01 006 7171
221B BAKER ST       
LONDON W1

Or, if the record found is not the one you want:

When there are no more records containing your search clue, the Find prompt reappears and this message is shown:
NO MORE ENTRIES

You can now do any of the following:

Note: To search backwards from the end of the file of records, hold SHIFT and press EXE instead of just EXE, after typing in the search-clue.

Scrolling lines

When a record is found, the cursor is on the first line:

When the cursor is on any line which is too long for the screen. you can't see the cursor and the line scrolls so that you can read all of it.

Filing codes

If you have a lot of related records you can include a code in each one in order to find them all with the same search- clue. For example, if you had the numbers of several agencies you could include the code AGN in each record.

Wild cards in search clues

When you have a lot of records stored in the Organiser you may need to use more precise search-clues. There are two wild cards, * and +, to help you in this:

Examples
AGN is really *AGN* so finds records with AGN anywhere:
AGN PETER WOOD
AGN WILSONS
Champagne: 1981
Reg No. F602 AGN
Agnes Littlehampton

AGN*HAM finds only records containing AGN and HAM in that order: Agnes Littlehampton

HAM*AGN finds only records containing HAM and AGN in that order: Champagne: 1981

JAMES RE+D finds:
JAMES REID
James Read
JAMES REED

Looking at all the records

If you wish to browse through an the stored records:

After the last one, the NO MORE ENTRIES message is shown. Press EXE once more to return to the first one or press ON/CLEAR to return to the main menu.

Changing, copying and deleting a record

Changing a record

When you want to change a record - for example, when someone's telephone number changes:

Save on A:
>S HOLMES
01 006 7171         

You can now make changes, just as you can when you first save a record. See the Keyboard section in Chapter 3 if you are not used to the keys.

Cancelling your changes

If you make a mess of your changes. you can cancel them all before you press EXE by just pressing ON/CLEAR. The changed version disappears.

Press ON/CLEAR again to return to the main menu. The original record is still in memory.

Copying a record to a Datapak

If you wish to copy a record from, for example, the internal memory A: to Datapak B:

The record is copied to the Datapak and the original is kept in the internal memory.

Deleting a record

If you want to delete a record:

You are asked to confirm like this:
Dr JEKYLL
01 002 8888
....................
Delete? Y/N/All

Press N (or ON/CLEAR) if you change your mind and A to delete all the records, from here to the end of the file, which match your search-clue. As this is rather drastic, you are asked to confirm your decision.

Summary

Finding a record

Wild cards

Updating a record

Copying a record to a different device

Deleting a record

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5 Alarms

Organiser alarms ring even when the machine is switched off.

You can set them to ring once only or every day like an alarm clock. In addition, you can have alarms that ring every hour, every week or every working day.

Setting an alarm

To set an alarm:

If you have no alarms set, the screen looks like this.
              11:30a
1) Free
2) Free
3) Free
4) Free
5) Free
6) Free
7) Free
8) Free

There are eight separate alarms that you can have set at any one time. Use UP and DOWN to scroll through the list of them.

The screen will then look like this:
              11:30a
1)  Wed 11:30a Once
2) Free
3) Free

The cursor has moved and Were are 4 things you can change on the line if you need to - these are the day, the hour, the minutes and the type.

There are five different types of alarm:

Once - goes off once only and can be set for any time in the next seven days.
Hourly - goes off every hour.
Daily - goes off every day.
Wrkday - goes off every work day: Monday to Friday.
Weekly - goes off every week.

Notice that the day and time options are removed as appropriate when you change the type - for example the day is removed if you change the type to Daily.

There are 3 to choose from:
Normal Siren Chimes

You return to the list of alarms with the new alarm displayed.

Return to the main menu by pressing ON/CLEAR, or set another alarm by moving to it with and then repeating the process.

Switching off a ringing alarm

If you are using your Organiser when it is time for alarm to go off, it will interrupt what you are doing. If the Organiser is off, it will switch itself on first. Either way, the alarm will sound, and a message like this be displayed:
****** ALARM *******
       11:12

   Press ON/CLEAR

To switch off the alarm:

If you are not around to press any keys the Organiser will switch itself off automatically after one minute.

Cancelling an alarm

The original setting changes back to a free slot - for example:
1) Free

The alarm is cancelled and you can set a new one or return to the main menu with ON/CLEAR.

Changing an alarm

You can always change an alarm you have set. Move the cursor to it and press EXE to select it. Change settings and press EXE. If while you are changing alarm you wish to revert to the original setting, you can press ON/CLEAR instead of EXE.

Summary

Setting an alarm

Switching off a ringing alarm

Cancelling an alarm

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6 Month - the calendar

The Month option on the main menu is a calendar which shows you a month at a time. It is useful for quickly checking dates and is also a way into the diary.

To return to the main menu:

To enter the diary page for a particular day:

The calendar goes up to the year 2155 and back to 1900.

You can press MODE to get a one-line menu from the month calendar. For explanations of the options, see the next chapter on the diary.

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